Exophoria is an eye condition that affects binocular vision and eye alignment. A person with exophoria will experience one of their eyes drifting outward, and their eyes will have difficulty working together.
Exophoria is usually diagnosed in childhood and is most noticeable when reading, studying, focusing on near objects or when one eye is covered.
The exact cause isn’t yet known, but the problem usually lies in the eye muscles.
Research published in The American Orthoptic Journal suggests that when the eyes are under stress, the weaker eye reacts by drifting outwards.
Aside from one of the eyes drifting outwards, common signs and symptoms of exophoria include:
Sore or painful eyes
Poor reading/reading comprehension
Tendency to close one eye
Difficulty sustaining focus on near objects
Temporary blurred vision
Poor hand-eye coordination
Poor depth perception
Lack of overall coordination
Reduced productivity in the workplace or at home
Avoidance of visually demanding activities
Managing exophoria involves minimizing symptoms, while treating exophoria targets the underlying cause of the problem.
In some cases of exophoria, specialized lenses or prisms are all it takes to manage symptoms and increase productivity.
But in the vast majority of cases, the most effective way to manage and treat exophoria is a personalized vision therapy program coupled with specialized lenses.
Vision therapy is a tailor-made set of eye exercises that help the eyes and brain work seamlessly as a team.
When it comes to exophoria, the goals of vision therapy are to:
Eventually reverse or minimize the exophoria
Enhance accommodative/convergence skills
Integrate binocular function with other sensory functions (like auditory, vestibular, and kinesthetic)
Enhance visual processing
Increase visual stamina and focusing abilities
Integrate binocular vision with motor skills
In most cases of exophoria, patients experience significant improvement after 30 hours of in-office vision therapy, but more visits may be necessary, depending on several factors.
Exophoria can present in mild to severe cases, and each patient will respond to treatment differently.
Some factors that influence the efficacy of vision therapy include, but are not limited to:
After completing a successful vision therapy program, follow up care can include occasional visits with your vision therapist to ensure long-term stability.
At Revision Optix, our vision therapy team is highly experienced in diagnosing and treating a wide range of visual dysfunctions.
If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with exophoria or experiences any of its symptoms, contact us to schedule a functional visual evaluation. If we find a visual problem, we’ll guide you through the most suitable treatment options for long-lasting relief.
Call Revision Optix to schedule an appointment today!
Our practice serves patients from Simpsonville , Greenville, Mauldin, and Taylors, South Carolina and surrounding communities.